Xylesthia pruniramiella

Speckled Xylesthia Moth
Xylesthia pruniramiella

POHL: 30-0223
MONA: 0317

Identification:
Head: Snow white, hairy (rough scaled), sometimes flopped forward over face. Palpi white, underside speckled with brown, rough scaled.
Antenna: About 2/3 as long as wing length. Base (scape) wide, dark. Segments yellowish-white, thicker on male.
Thorax: Thorax white, mixed with brown. Dark brown on each shoulder.
Wings: Forewings blackish-brown and brown with slightly raised whitish lines and stripes running through wings, both longitudinally and transversely; appears slightly checkered. About 4 sets of tufts (elevated scales) along inner margin (i.e. down middle of moth). Fringe white at anal angle, rest brown. Hindwings and fringe dark brown.
Legs: Brown, segment tips white. Underside of legs white.
Abdomen: Dark brown, ringed with white; paler on underside.

Size: 8 mm long. Wingspan 12 to 18 mm.

Habitat: Fruit farms, deciduous forests.

Food: Leucostoma species cankers (type of fungus) found on fruit trees like plum and on dead Black and Honey Locust trees.

Flight Time: Late June to mid-August. Abundant in July.

Life Cycle: Larvae about 11 mm long over-winter inside cankers. Mature larva 22 mm long, dirty white with brown head and shield, move to surface of canker in late spring to pupate in a silk cocoon mixed with frass.

Comments: Listed for Ontario by Pohl, 2018. Essex County. Common.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Tineidae new species Ignorantia biento

Tineidae new species
*Ignorantia biento
Proposed new name

POHL: 30-0198.85
MONA: 434.96

Identification: No name; never been described.

Head: Entirely white. Whiskers (palpi) thin, white and short. Very short tuft of hair on top of head, hardly noticeable.
Antenna: White, thin, almost as long as wing.
Thorax: White, somewhat shiny.
Wings: Base of forewings shiny white, rounded and narrowing to an extended stripe down costal (outer) edge to about mid-wing. Rest of wings medium brown, dusted with white flecks. A white shiny patch at anal angle. Another obscurely shaped shiny white patch at reniform spot. Wing tip has a small creamy white patch with a round black spot. Long lighter brown fringe with slightly darker tips.
Legs: White; hind thighs (femur) darker.

Size: About 10 to 12 mm long.

Habitat: Unknown – probably deciduous forests.

Food: Unknown – probably fungus.

Flight Time: Always in June and July for every state listed.

Life Cycle: One generation per year.

Comments: Not recorded for Canada or Ontario (Pohl 2018). Wheatley July 15, 2012.
Recorded in Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Ohio, Illinois, Nebraska and Oklahoma. According to Bob Patterson (2010 BugGuide) they have been known to science since the 1980’s. Entomologists couldn’t make up their minds if they should be slotted into Tineidae or Yponomeutidae. BOLD (no date) DNA’d them to Tineidae: Nemapogoninae in French Guiana, South America.

*Since the pseudoscientific community can’t be bothered, I propose a name for this phantom moth, Ignorantia biento = ignored by entomologists.
Please take into account a very dry, sarcastic British (inherited) sense of humour.

 

Tinea apicimaculella

Dark-collared Moth
Tinea apicimaculella

MONA: 0392
POHL: 30-0144

Identification:
Head: Pale straw yellow, long haired(scaled). Palpi yellowish, brown on underside, scaled.
Antenna: Yellowish, ringed with brown. About 2/3 as along as wing.
Thorax: Dark brown, sides pale straw yellow.
Wings: Straw yellow with a few brown speckles. Center of wing has dark brown streak from base to wing tip; broken at brown discal spot. Spot above streak about mid-wing. Wing tip has series of brown spots on margin. Fringe straw yellow with broken brown line through it.
Legs: All segments brown with white tips, hind leg lighter. Long spurs.

Similar Species: Homostinea curviliniella is similar, but lacks central dark spot and has a speckled wing tip, not a definite row of black dots.

Size: 5 to 6 mm long. Wingspan 11 to 14 mm.

Habitat: Unknown

Food: Debris, fungus, rotted animal and vegetation matter.

Flight Time: July to mid-September.

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: Pohl (2018) listed as new for Canada from Lambton County. Essex County – photos from 2011 to 2014.

Synonyms: Chambers 1875
None

References:
The Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, 1875, Vol. 2, pp. 257 to 258 by Chambers.
Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 1905, Vol. 31, pp. 47 to 48 by Dietz.
Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1923, Memoir #68, pg. 126, by Forbes.

Oenoe hybromella

Clothes Moth
Oenoe hybromella

POHL: 30-0124
MONA: 0283

Identification:
Head: Yellowish-white, long haired (scaled). Top of head with some brown. Palpi short, folded; brown and silver gray mixed.
Antenna: Grayish-brown, lighter at tips. Reaches past mid-wing.
Thorax: Purplish-brown.
Wings: Base half (or slightly less) of wings purplish-brown. Silvery-white, raised, wavy line divides rest of wing of golden-brown with dark brown flecks; patch of dark brown on outer or costal edge; another oblong dark patch at wing tips. Before the oblong patch, a short transverse raised line of silvery-white. Fringe golden-brown with a dotted row of dark brown through the center.
Legs: Dark brown, striped with white.

Size: 4 to 5 mm long. Wingspan 8 to 9 mm.

Habitat: Unknown.

Food: Debris, rotted animal and vegetation matter. One report of rotting wood on felled elm.

Flight Time: June to August.

Life Cycle: Unknown.

Comments: Ontario per Pohl’s 2018 list. Essex County.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Niditinea fuscella

Brown-dotted Clothes Moth
Niditinea fuscella

POHL: 30-0164
MONA: 0411.01

Identification:
Head: Pale brownish-yellow, long haired (scaled); tuft between antenna reddish-brown. Palpi long, folded; yellowish-brown, darker on underside.
Antenna: Dark brown with barely visible yellowish-gray rings. 2/3 as long as wing.
Thorax: Brownish-yellow.
Forewings: Pale brownish-yellow, mottled with darker specks. A heavily mottled brown streak longitudinally from about mid wing to tip with a dark brown spot on each side of streak near center of wing, and another spot between mid-wing and tip. Lighter mottling along costal edge. Lower (inner) margin has a brown spot near base of wing. Fringe blended same color as wing at tip, lower or inner fringe is longer and lighter with brown specks. Hindwings and fringe bluish-gray.
Legs: Brown with white tips on all segments. Underside of legs yellowish-brown.
Abdomen: Brownish-yellow.

Similar Species: Our case bearing clothes moth Tinea pellionella has entirely yellow legs. Niditinea orleansella has creamy to yellowish head (no brown), wing background has fewer brown speckles, thus appearing more white or creamy.

Size: 7 mm long. Wingspan 14 mm.

Habitat: Forests, meadows, farms.

Food: Plant and animal remains.

Flight Time: May to September.

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: Ontario per Pohl’s list 2018.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page