Limenitis archippus

Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus on Culver's Root. July 24, 2013. Wheatley, Ontario.

Viceroy – Adults
Limenitis archippus

Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus on Culver's Root. July 24, 2013. Wheatley, Ontario.
Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus on Culver’s Root. July 24, 2013. Wheatley, Ontario.

Adults start appearing in mid-June and have 3 generations by mid-September, flying as late as mid-October if the weather holds. Adults look just like the Monarch’s except for a black line across the middle of their hind wings.

 

Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus on Tall Boneset, September 08, 2012. Wheatley, Ontario.
Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus on Tall Boneset, September 08, 2012. Wheatley, Ontario.

 

Viceroy isn’t picky about the flowers they visit for nectar. They feed on Dogbane, Dogwood, Butterfly Bush, Queen Anne’s Lace, Purple Coneflower, Boneset, Culver’s root, Virgin’s Bower, Joe-Pye Weed and Stonecrop (Sedum).

 

 

Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus feeding on split tomato August 30, 2006, Wheatley, Ontario.
Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus feeding on split tomato August 30, 2006, Wheatley, Ontario.

In August if there’s a lot of rain, tomatoes suck up so much moisture their skins split. Viceroys rush in to help, sucking up all that liquid before the tomato heals over and scars. They have a fondness for other over-ripe fruits like cherries and plums and wind-fall apples.

 

Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus sharing watermelon with Red-spotted Purple (right) and a 'few' flies. August 08, 2013. Wheatley, Ontario.
Viceroy Butterfly Limenitis archippus sharing watermelon with Red-spotted Purple (right) and a ‘few’ flies. August 08, 2013. Wheatley, Ontario.

 

Their favorite liquid is watermelon and they return repeated throughout the day to imbibe the juice. Unfortunately, when pesky flies find the melon, they never leave.

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