Glaphyria cappsi

Capps Glaphyria
Glaphyria cappsi

POHL: 80-1028
MONA: 4878

Identification:
Head: Shiny, pale yellowish. Nose cone (palpi) small, 3rd joint upturned, slightly brownish. Large eyes.
Antenna: Long, reaching to mid wing, pale brownish-yellow. Scape white. Base half of segments slightly thickened on male, tips somewhat striped or annulated.
Thorax: Yellow.
Wings: Forewing base and outer edge (costa) yellow. Large dark patch covers central area, with 2 white lines across the wing. The first line (AM antemedial) is wavy. The second line (PM postmedial) is more rounded, following the border of the dark patch, then extends inward through the patch, then turns upward at anal angle, ending just below the AM line. Hind wing is pale, with a brown shading outlined by a white line.
Legs: Shiny. Front legs white with yellow tips. Mid and hind legs white.
Abdomen: Pale yellow.

Similar Species: Almost identical to Black-patched Glaphyria fulminalis which is a paler yellow-white and has second white line (PM postmedial) on forewing stop at inner margin and does not extend upward to near AM line.

Size: 7 to 8 mm long.

Habitat: Carolinian forests.

Food: Unknown. Tropical Glaphyria feed on plants in the Spurge (Euphorbia) and Aster families.

Flight Time: July in s. w. Ontario.

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: The Annotated Checklist of the Moths and Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska, 2018 by Pohl et al. records Glaphyria cappsi from one specimen found in Sudbury, ON.
Essex County – Wheatley photos July 10, 2011.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Glaphyria fulminalis

Black-patched Glaphyria
Glaphyria fulminalis

POLH: 80-1027
MONA: 4873

Identification:
Head: Shiny, whitish. Nose cone (palpi) small, 3rd joint upturned, slightly brownish. Large eyes.
Antenna: Long, reaching to mid wing, pale brownish-yellow. Scape white. Base half of segments slightly thickened on male, tips somewhat striped or annulated.
Thorax: Central area whitish, sides pale yellow.
Wings: Forewing base and outer edge (costa) pale yellow. Large dark patch covers central area, with 2 white lines across the wing. The first line (antemedial) is wavy. The second line (postmedial) is more rounded, following the border of the dark patch, then extends inward through the patch, ending before the inner edge, just above anal angle.
Hind wing pale, with a brown shading outlined by a white line.
Legs: Shiny. Front legs white with yellow tips. Mid and hind legs white.
Abdomen: Pale yellow.

Similar Species: Capps Glaphyria cappsi has deeper yellowish colour overall. Second white line (PM postmedial) on forewing extends upward at inner margin to near the first line (AM antemedial).

Size: 7 to 8 mm long.

Habitat: Carolinian forests.

Food: Unknown. Tropical Glaphyria feed on plants in the Spurge (Euphorbia) and Aster families.

Flight Time: July in s. w. Ontario.

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: The Annotated Checklist of the Moths and Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska, 2018 by Pohl et al. does not list Glaphyria fulminalis as present in Canada or Ontario.
Essex County – Wheatley photos 2011 to 2014.
Point Pelee per Bold July, 2012.
Kent County – Rondeau Provincial Park per Beadle July, 2007.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Pyrausta rubricalis

Variable Reddish Pyrausta
Pyrausta rubricalis

POHL: 80-1531
MONA: 5051

Identification:
Head: Reddish-orange, white on underside. White line extending up inner eye margin. Nose cone (palpi) slightly longer than head, brownish on top side, white on underside.
Antenna: Light brown, reaching past mid-wing. Scape white.
Thorax: Reddish-orange.
Wings: Wings have a slight sheen; coloured with mixed sections of light and dark reddish-orange. Base of wings light orange, bordered by a black wavy AM line, not reaching outside edge (costa). Middle of wing has a wide band of dark reddish-orange with two smudged black areas near outside edge. Bordered, for the most part, by a black wavy PM line which curves deeply into another section of light reddish-orange. Wing tips dark reddish-orange. Fringe two-tone, black at base and becoming pale yellowish. Hind wings similar, including fringe.
Legs: Thin, mostly white. Thighs (femora) have a dark stripe. Front leg segments sometimes darker at tips. Spurs long, white.
Abdomen: Orange-red, becoming darker toward tip. Lower margin of each segment white.

Similar Species: The Mint Root Borer Fumibotys fumalis is larger and has a more shiny, uniform yellowish-brown colour with one dark patch. The lower line (postmedial) has a right-angle or step up to reach inner wing margin. Wing tips are not darker. Fringe is slightly checkered, but not two-tone. Abdomen curves upward, usually protruding between wings.
Also somewhat similar to reddish forms of the Garden Webworm Moth Achyra rantalis which is much larger and lacks the dark, complete 1st (antemedial) line. Wing tips are not darker.

Size: Male 6 to 7 mm long. Female to 10 mm.

Habitat: Unknown

Food: Unknown

Flight Time: July and August

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: The Annotated Checklist of the Moths and Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska, 2018 by Pohl et al. maintains Pyrausta rubricalis is not present in Canada. A record by Perrin in Nova Scotia (1915) was assumed to be an error.
Norfolk County photo by Dave Beadle Aug 12, 2008.
Essex County – Wheatley photo July 26, 2012

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Apogeshna stenialis

Checkered Apogeshna
Apogeshna stenialis

POHL: 80-1255
MONA: 5177

Identification:
Head: Bright creamy-white. Black spot on top of head (vertex). Nose cone short, curved upward, black on top side, white on underside. Large eyes.
Antenna: Thin, long, reaching almost to wing tip. Base (scape) bright creamy-white. Segments brown and white striped (annulated).
Thorax: Bright creamy-white, base dark. Dark constricted stripe across center, sometimes appearing as two brown, connected spots. Lower thorax has brown at each side, so that center appears as a creamy white circle.
Wings: Variable. Forewings bright creamy-white, peppered with dark brown (almost black). Two black lines across wings. The 1st line (antemedial) has creamy-white outline above the dark line. The 2nd line (postmedial) extends straight from outer (costa) margin to middle of wing, then curving downward near anal angle, outlined below the line with a thin line of faint to spotted creamy-white. A large creamy-white patch at mid-wing, somewhat triangular, widest at costa (outer) wing edge. Another slightly smaller creamy-white patch above pm line at costal margin, and another small one below the pm line. Fringe variable with wide dark and light sections.
Hind wing base half dark brown with a somewhat rounded patch creamy-white patch. Mid line wide, creamy-white, lower border of line jagged. Another narrow creamy-white line near wing tips. Fringe variable with dark and light sections.
Legs: Front and middle legs have all segment tips dark (striped). Front toes dark. Hind leg mostly white.
Abdomen: Slender, dark brown. All segments with lower border white, the white becoming wider on segments nearer tip. Female tip has white spot. Male tip dark with tuft.

Similar Species: The Yellow-spotted Webworm Anageshna primordialis has no black spot on head; thorax without stripes; front leg has dark ring on shin (tibiae) only.

Size: 9 mm.

Habitat: Unknown

Food: Unknown

Flight Time: June and July

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: Listed by Pohl (2018) as uncertain in Quebec only.
Dave Beadle Kent County 2009.
Nolie Schneider Ottawa on BugGuide in 2014.
Wheatley per photos June 23, 2015.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page