Limnaecia phragmitella

Shy Cosmet
Limnaecia phragmitella

POHL: 42-0401
MONA: 1515

Head: Shiny light tan. Palpi very long, curved well over head; white, darker on underside. Segment 2 hairy (scaled). Segment 3 dark with white ring.
Antenna: Base (scape) is white with a dark stripe. Segments striped (annulated) black and white.
Thorax: Shiny light tan.
Wings: Shiny dark tan. Two dark, white-edges spots at mid wing, one near inner margin, one center. Another dark, white-edges spot at 2/3 wing length (discal cell). Darker streak may be present from spot at mid wing, through 2nd spot and to wing tip. Series of dark spots along wing tip edge. Fringe long, light grayish-yellow. Hindwing is grayish-tan.
Legs: Light tan, shiny, some brown streaks.

Size: 7 to 10 mm long. Wingspan 15 to 22 mm.

Habitat: Marshes and ditches.

Food: Cattails Typha

Flight Time: Late June to mid-August in s. w. Ontario.

Life Cycle: The larvae are called Cattail Caterpillars and feed inside the seed heads of  Typha species, over-winter, and form cocoons in the spring, all in the same cattail. Larvae whitish to pale tan with a brown line down the middle and two more irregular, broken lines down each side. Head slightly darker with brown spots. Some dark marks on shield and last segment.

Parasitized by Chalcid Wasps Elachertus species and Hyssopus benefactor; an Ichneumon Wasp Scambus techmseh, and a Braconid Wasp newly discovered in London, Ontario called Apanteles masmithi which also parasitizes Julie’s Moth Dicymolomia julianalis.

 Comments: Ontario per Pohl 2018. Common in Essex County.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Cosmopterix pulchrimella

Chambers’ Cosmet
Cosmopterix pulchrimella


POHL: 42-0355
MONA: 1472

Head: Dark brown, greenish reflections with 3 white lines, one long one down center, one very short one over each eye. Eyes often reddish. Face gray. Palpi long, up-curved; white; segment 2 brown on underside, segment 3 with long brown stripe on sides.
Antenna: Base (scape) dark brown with white stripe. Segments dark brown with 5 to 6 intermittent white before tip.
Thorax: Dark brown with greenish reflections. White line down center. Main ID: No white line down each side.
Wings: Forewing dark brown, shiny with 3 short white dashes in basal area. A wide orange stripe (or may be same colour as wing) is bordered with silvery-golden bands. Top band is entire across wing. Lower band narrows at costal side and trails toward wing tip blending in with the fringe. Small silver to white dash near wing tip.  Fringe dark brown, tip white. Hindwing and fringe shiny, brown.
Legs: Dark brown with white lines and rings.
Abdomen: Dark brown, ringed with white. Abdomen tip tuft brown.

Size: 4 mm long. Wingspan 7 to 9 mm.

Habitat: Rich woods in moist, shaded areas.

Food: Plants in the Nettle family, but with non-stinging leaves: Pellitory-of-the-wall Parietaria officinalis, Pennsylvania Pellitory Parietaria pensylvanica and Richweed or Canadian Clearweed Pilea pumila.

Flight Time: May to June; again in September.

 Life Cycle: 2 generations per year. Females lay eggs on leaves. Larvae start a mine at midrib on the leaf. Frass is ejected through hole, so leaf mine stays white. Cocoon formed inside the mine, between leaves or on the ground.
Larva: Yellowish to grayish-white body, tip grayish-brown, legs pale brown; head black with thin white lines. Shield broad, oval, black with white line at center. 

Comments: Essex County – Point Pelee National Park in 2012. Wheatley   

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Mathildana newmanella

Newman’s Mathildana
Mathildana newmanella

POHL: 42-0055
MONA: 1059

Head: Smooth, brassy purplish-black. Palpi orange; very long and curved over head; underside scaled; last segment with some brown.
Antenna: Brassy purplish-black; thicker at base. Last 8 segments white.
Thorax: Brassy purplish-black
Wings: Brassy purplish-black with a diagonal break in orange stripe from base to past mid-wing. Fringe gray. Orange stripes lighter to absent in southern populations.
Hindwings oval, dark gray.
Legs: Shiny, brassy purplish-black with white patches.
Abdomen: Lighter purplish-black, underside brassy.

Size: 7 to 9 mm. Wingspan 15 to 18 mm.

Habitat: Forests and apple trees (dead wood).

Food: Bracket fungus, rotting wood, debris.

Flight Time: June to July.

Life Cycle: Larva feed in webs under the bark of dead trees and in bracket fungus. Adults are day-flying.

Comments: Ontario – Common from Long Point, Toronto, Georgian Bay. Recorded twice in Essex County in Leamington on June 8, 1929 and at Point Pelee National Park on July 22, 1927. Also in Quebec.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Epicallima argenticinctella

Orange-headed Epicallima
Epicallima argenticinctella

POHL: 42-0041
MONA: 1046

Head: Orange. Palpi curved up over head; dark except last segment white with a brown ring at center. Large eyes.
Antenna: Silvery-white, ringed with black.
Thorax: Orange.
Wings: Yellowish with 2 wide dark orange patches outlined in silver and black.  1st patch extends across base of wing; 2nd patch semi-circular from about mid-wing to anal angle. White slanted streak from 2nd patch to costa edge. Oblong silver spots along wing tips. Fringe long, yellowish like wing, except a small brownish patch near anal angle. Hindwings and fringe grayish-brown.
Legs: All segments dark brown with white tips. Hind leg somewhat lighter brown. Long white spurs.
Abdomen: Gray-brown.

Similar Species: Decantha borkhausenii has brown background on wings and brown head.

Size: 6 to 7 mm long. Wingspan 11 to 12 mm.

Habitat: Deciduous forests.

Food: Dead wood and bark of hickory, larch, elder and elm.

Flight Time: May to August.

Range: Eastern half of U.S., Texas, Oklahoma, N. Dakota and Canada.

Life Cycle: Larvae arctic species usually are found in dead wood, where they probably feed on fungus. Little is known of the specific habits of these larvae, and some of the species apparently never have been reared. Larva has been reared on corn plants; found under bark of elm and elder trees in the wild. Also have been reared from rotting Maple logs.

Comments: Essex County – Point Pelee insect list.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Xylesthia pruniramiella

Speckled Xylesthia Moth
Xylesthia pruniramiella

POHL: 30-0223
MONA: 0317

Head: Snow white, hairy (rough scaled), sometimes flopped forward over face. Palpi white, underside speckled with brown, rough scaled.
Antenna: About 2/3 as long as wing length. Base (scape) wide, dark. Segments yellowish-white, thicker on male.
Thorax: Thorax white, mixed with brown. Dark brown on each shoulder.
Wings: Forewings blackish-brown and brown with slightly raised whitish lines and stripes running through wings, both longitudinally and transversely; appears slightly checkered. About 4 sets of tufts (elevated scales) along inner margin (i.e. down middle of moth). Fringe white at anal angle, rest brown. Hindwings and fringe dark brown.
Legs: Brown, segment tips white. Underside of legs white.
Abdomen: Dark brown, ringed with white; paler on underside.

Size: 8 mm long. Wingspan 12 to 18 mm.

Habitat: Fruit farms, deciduous forests.

Food: Leucostoma species cankers (type of fungus) found on fruit trees like plum and on dead Black and Honey Locust trees.

Flight Time: Late June to mid-August. Abundant in July.

Life Cycle: Larvae about 11 mm long over-winter inside cankers. Mature larva 22 mm long, dirty white with brown head and shield, move to surface of canker in late spring to pupate in a silk cocoon mixed with frass.

Comments: Listed for Ontario by Pohl, 2018. Essex County. Common.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Tineidae new species Ignorantia biento

Tineidae new species
*Ignorantia biento
Proposed new name

POHL: 30-0198.85
MONA: 434.96

Identification: No name; never been described.

Head: Entirely white. Whiskers (palpi) thin, white and short. Very short tuft of hair on top of head, hardly noticeable.
Antenna: White, thin, almost as long as wing.
Thorax: White, somewhat shiny.
Wings: Base of forewings shiny white, rounded and narrowing to an extended stripe down costal (outer) edge to about mid-wing. Rest of wings medium brown, dusted with white flecks. A white shiny patch at anal angle. Another obscurely shaped shiny white patch at reniform spot. Wing tip has a small creamy white patch with a round black spot. Long lighter brown fringe with slightly darker tips.
Legs: White; hind thighs (femur) darker.

Size: About 10 to 12 mm long.

Habitat: Unknown – probably deciduous forests.

Food: Unknown – probably fungus.

Flight Time: Always in June and July for every state listed.

Life Cycle: One generation per year.

Comments: Not recorded for Canada or Ontario (Pohl 2018). Wheatley July 15, 2012.
Recorded in Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Ohio, Illinois, Nebraska and Oklahoma. According to Bob Patterson (2010 BugGuide) they have been known to science since the 1980’s. Entomologists couldn’t make up their minds if they should be slotted into Tineidae or Yponomeutidae. BOLD (no date) DNA’d them to Tineidae: Nemapogoninae in French Guiana, South America.

*Since the pseudoscientific community can’t be bothered, I propose a name for this phantom moth, Ignorantia biento = ignored by entomologists.
Please take into account a very dry, sarcastic British (inherited) sense of humour.


Tinea apicimaculella

Dark-collared Moth
Tinea apicimaculella

MONA: 0392
POHL: 30-0144

Head: Pale straw yellow, long haired(scaled). Palpi yellowish, brown on underside, scaled.
Antenna: Yellowish, ringed with brown. About 2/3 as along as wing.
Thorax: Dark brown, sides pale straw yellow.
Wings: Straw yellow with a few brown speckles. Center of wing has dark brown streak from base to wing tip; broken at brown discal spot. Spot above streak about mid-wing. Wing tip has series of brown spots on margin. Fringe straw yellow with broken brown line through it.
Legs: All segments brown with white tips, hind leg lighter. Long spurs.

Similar Species: Homostinea curviliniella is similar, but lacks central dark spot and has a speckled wing tip, not a definite row of black dots.

Size: 5 to 6 mm long. Wingspan 11 to 14 mm.

Habitat: Unknown

Food: Debris, fungus, rotted animal and vegetation matter.

Flight Time: July to mid-September.

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: Pohl (2018) listed as new for Canada from Lambton County. Essex County – photos from 2011 to 2014.

Synonyms: Chambers 1875

The Cincinnati Quarterly Journal of Science, 1875, Vol. 2, pp. 257 to 258 by Chambers.
Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 1905, Vol. 31, pp. 47 to 48 by Dietz.
Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1923, Memoir #68, pg. 126, by Forbes.

Oenoe hybromella

Clothes Moth
Oenoe hybromella

POHL: 30-0124
MONA: 0283

Head: Yellowish-white, long haired (scaled). Top of head with some brown. Palpi short, folded; brown and silver gray mixed.
Antenna: Grayish-brown, lighter at tips. Reaches past mid-wing.
Thorax: Purplish-brown.
Wings: Base half (or slightly less) of wings purplish-brown. Silvery-white, raised, wavy line divides rest of wing of golden-brown with dark brown flecks; patch of dark brown on outer or costal edge; another oblong dark patch at wing tips. Before the oblong patch, a short transverse raised line of silvery-white. Fringe golden-brown with a dotted row of dark brown through the center.
Legs: Dark brown, striped with white.

Size: 4 to 5 mm long. Wingspan 8 to 9 mm.

Habitat: Unknown.

Food: Debris, rotted animal and vegetation matter. One report of rotting wood on felled elm.

Flight Time: June to August.

Life Cycle: Unknown.

Comments: Ontario per Pohl’s 2018 list. Essex County.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Niditinea fuscella

Brown-dotted Clothes Moth
Niditinea fuscella

POHL: 30-0164
MONA: 0411.01

Head: Pale brownish-yellow, long haired (scaled); tuft between antenna reddish-brown. Palpi long, folded; yellowish-brown, darker on underside.
Antenna: Dark brown with barely visible yellowish-gray rings. 2/3 as long as wing.
Thorax: Brownish-yellow.
Forewings: Pale brownish-yellow, mottled with darker specks. A heavily mottled brown streak longitudinally from about mid wing to tip with a dark brown spot on each side of streak near center of wing, and another spot between mid-wing and tip. Lighter mottling along costal edge. Lower (inner) margin has a brown spot near base of wing. Fringe blended same color as wing at tip, lower or inner fringe is longer and lighter with brown specks. Hindwings and fringe bluish-gray.
Legs: Brown with white tips on all segments. Underside of legs yellowish-brown.
Abdomen: Brownish-yellow.

Similar Species: Our case bearing clothes moth Tinea pellionella has entirely yellow legs. Niditinea orleansella has creamy to yellowish head (no brown), wing background has fewer brown speckles, thus appearing more white or creamy.

Size: 7 mm long. Wingspan 14 mm.

Habitat: Forests, meadows, farms.

Food: Plant and animal remains.

Flight Time: May to September.

Life Cycle: Unknown

Comments: Ontario per Pohl’s list 2018.

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page

Monopis pavlovski

Pavlovski’s Yellow-headed Monopis
Monopis pavlovski

POHL: 30-0174
MONA: 0418.1

Head: Head white to pale yellow. Palpi long, folded, darker on underside.
Antenna: 1st half dark, rest lighter. Segment 1 yellow.
Thorax: White to pale yellow.
Wings: Dark brown with dashed intermittent white to pale yellow scales and 3 small white spots along wing tip. Wings have 3 to 5 dark tufts along inner border. Large white to pale yellow patch with a diagonal edge extends from mid wing to tip on costal edge.  Main ID: Enclosed within the patch is a small darker area along costal edge. Fringe dark.
Legs: Dark, except hind foot white.

Similar Species: White-headed Monopis monachella large white patch does not have a stained darker patch within. Wings not tufted.

Size: 7 to 10 mm long.

Habitat: Unknown.

Food: Dead vegetable and animal matter.

Flight Time: July & Sept in Ontario.

Comments: Introduced from Russia.

Life Cycle: Unknown

Synonyms: Zagulajev, 1955

References: Zagulajev is from Russia. Journal unknown, but may be Transactions of the Zoological Institute, Academy of Science, USSR.