Orange-tipped Mustache Bee
Head: Black, head long with black hair on upper face. Lower half of face covered with dense, pale yellowish hair, or almost bald in older females. Mandibles have 3 teeth at tip. Male area above mouth (clypeus) entirely yellow, with another v-shaped yellow section on each side of clypeus extending to inner eye margin; mouth yellow. Some yellowish-white hair on inner eye margin.
Antenna: Base (scape) black. Antenna first segment very long, but slightly shorter than length of scape. Male may have a small yellow mark on scape.
Thorax: Black with black hair or shiny bald. Thorax sides and end of thorax covered with long, dense yellowish hair.
Wings: Wing knobs (tegulae) brownish to black. Wings lightly tinted at base, becoming darker at tips. Veins blackish.
Legs: Black with some yellowish-white pile on shins (tibiae) and feet. Feet reddish-brown. Female has thick pollen basket on hind shin, yellowish-white. Male legs have less pile on shins.
Abdomen: Black, shiny. On young adults, segment 1 has long hair. All other segments have yellowish-white hair band along each side of lower margin, not reaching middle of segment. Older adults have vestige of the hair bands barely visible. Female abdomen tip has reddish-orange hair, difficult to see because tip is curved down. Male abdomen tip is deeply lobed, with a white tuft on underside.
Size: Female 11 to 13.5 mm.; Male 10 to 12.5 mm.
Habitat: Forests and edges.
Food: Potentilla, Beebalm, Thistle, Alfalfa. Note: In Wheatley, they had a preferences for purple to reddish-purple flowers like Blazingstar, Hyssop, Obedient Plant, Purple Vetch, dark Morning Glory flowers and Lobelia.
Flight Time: Mid-July to mid-September in s. w. Ontario.
Life Cycle: Anthophora terminalis is a log-burrowing species, nesting in soft, decomposed wood, stumps or driftwood, preferably in shaded areas, or with plants growing over the stump.
Note: In Wheatley, they used a large cedar stump until it was taken over by ants.
Comments: Essex County – Ojibway Prairies, Point Pelee National Park, Lake Erie Islands, Kent County – Rondeau Provincial Park. Nipissing – Algonquin Provincial Park. Also in southern Michigan (Livingston & Wayne County).
For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page