Anthophora terminalis

Orange-tipped Mustache Bee
Anthophora terminalis

Black, head long with black hair on upper face. Lower half of face covered with dense, pale yellowish hair, or almost bald in older females. Mandibles have 3 teeth at tip. Male area above mouth (clypeus) entirely yellow, with another v-shaped yellow section on each side of clypeus extending to inner eye margin; mouth yellow. Some yellowish-white hair on inner eye margin.
Antenna: Base (scape) black. Antenna first segment very long, but slightly shorter than length of scape. Male may have a small yellow mark on scape.
Thorax: Black with black hair or shiny bald. Thorax sides and end of thorax covered with long, dense yellowish hair.
Wings: Wing knobs (tegulae) brownish to black. Wings lightly tinted at base, becoming darker at tips. Veins blackish.
Legs: Black with some yellowish-white pile on shins (tibiae) and feet. Feet reddish-brown. Female has thick pollen basket on hind shin, yellowish-white. Male legs have less pile on shins.
Abdomen: Black, shiny. On young adults, segment 1 has long hair. All other segments have yellowish-white hair band along each side of lower margin, not reaching middle of segment. Older adults have vestige of the hair bands barely visible. Female abdomen tip has reddish-orange hair, difficult to see because tip is curved down. Male abdomen tip is deeply lobed, with a white tuft on underside.

Size: Female 11 to 13.5 mm.; Male 10 to 12.5 mm.

Habitat: Forests and edges.

Food: Potentilla, Beebalm, Thistle, Alfalfa. Note: In Wheatley, they had a preferences for purple to reddish-purple flowers like Blazingstar, Hyssop, Obedient Plant, Purple Vetch, dark Morning Glory flowers and Lobelia.

Flight Time: Mid-July to mid-September in s. w. Ontario.

Life Cycle: Anthophora terminalis is a log-burrowing species, nesting in soft, decomposed wood, stumps or driftwood, preferably in shaded areas, or with plants growing over the stump.
Note: In Wheatley, they used a large cedar stump until it was taken over by ants.

Comments: Essex County – Ojibway Prairies, Point Pelee National Park, Lake Erie Islands, Kent County – Rondeau Provincial Park. Nipissing – Algonquin Provincial Park. Also in southern Michigan (Livingston & Wayne County).

For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page