Head: Black, short and shiny. Large eyes. Whiskers (palpi) brownish-yellow.
Antenna: Long and thin, extending past base of wings. First 3 segments brownish-yellow, rest are dark brownish with each segment tip slightly lighter (annulated).
Thorax (Pronotum): Dull black, rough (punctured), with yellowish pile along lower half. Thorax slightly wider than long, base and lower margin of equal width; sides rounded. The rim, or shelf on side edges are very narrow at base, but widen significantly, and appear flattened at lower margin.
Wings (Elytra): Long, dull black, covered with dense, yellowish pile. About 8-9 faintly indented lines down wings. Tips pointed, abdomen usually protruding slightly.
Legs: Thighs (femora) slightly wide, shiny black. Rest of legs dull reddish-brown. Hind shin (tibiae) and feet long and thin. First joint of hind foot as long as the next 2 joints combined. Male has pads on underside of front feet.
Abdomen: Underside black.
Similar Species: Harpalus spadiceus is the same size and almost identical, but H. spadiceus is shiny and without pile.
Size: 9 to 11 mm.
Habitat: Meadows, fields, orchards with grass.
Food: Adults feed on grass and sedge seeds.
Flight Time: May to July
Life Cycle: Hides under debris and burrows in grass roots. Adults attracted to lights.
Comments: Essex County – Point Pelee National Park. Kent County – Rondeau Provincial Park.
For information on synonyms, references and type specimens see next page